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--Chapter 1--

--Chapter 2--

--Chapter 3--

--Chapter 4--

--Chapter 5--

--Chapter 6--

--Chapter 7--

--Chapter 8--

--Chapter 9--

--Chapter 10--

--Chapter 11--

--Chapter 12--

--Chapter 13--

--Chapter 14--

--Chapter 15--

--Chapter 16--

--Chapter 17--

--Chapter 18--

--Chapter 19--

--Chapter 20--

--Chapter 21--

--Chapter 22--

--Chapter 23--

--Chapter 24--

--Chapter 25--

--Chapter 26--


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Chapter 19: Acids and Bases

Bronsted/Lowry

●     Brønsted-Lowry Concept of Acids and Bases (tutorial - Wigger) Visit Site
●     Bronsted-Lowry acid-base gif – made by Areg  Visit Site

Buffers

●     Weak Acid and a Weak Base which are a conjugate acid/base pair - animation - interactive (McGraw-Hill) Visit Site
●     Add equal amount of NaOH or HCl (any amt you choose) to water and a buffered soln, can also change indicator, and plot results (applet) Visit Site

pH - Ch 19.3

●     Animation - pH meter allows testing pH of acids, bases, salts and unknown, different concentrations (Flash) (I State U) Visit Site
●     pH slider shows substances with various pH values – interactive– John Kyrk pH scale, slider can move to show you substances that have certain pH values Visit Site
●     Sodium - Scroll down to "Sodium Party". Lots of videos & background how Na reacts with water and also O2. These guys are crazzy!!! Visit Site

pH Indicator

●     Carbon Dioxide Behaves as an Acid in Water, uses bromothymol blue as indicator - movie  Visit Site

Titration

●     Acid/Base Titrations animations, titrate to end-point (I State U) Visit Site

Weak vs Strong

●     Animation shows ionization of HF and HCl (McGraw-Hill) Visit Site

Wigger Vids

●     LAB - Properties of Acids & Bases - shows the neutralization of HCl with NaOH when close to the endpoint Visit Site
●     LAB - Properties of Acids & Bases - shows how volatile NH3 is as it quickly leaves the solution for form a gas and change pH of universal pH paper. Visit Site
●     LAB - Properties of Acids & Bases - Shows boiling away water in evaporating dish after equal amounts of HCl and NaOH have been mixed  Visit Site
●     Ch 19 - Acid and base ionizations - p. 601 3a and p. 599 2a Visit Site
●     Ch 19 - Products of acid + metal and acid + carbonate - p. 596 1 a-d Visit Site
●     Ch 19 - Base Ionization - p. 606 11a Visit Site
●     Ch 19 - Complete Ionization of polyprotic acids p. 601 3a Visit Site
●     C h 19 - Acid ionization equation and Ka (acid equilib const)p605 10a Visit Site
●     Ch 19- Estimate log & anti-logs using logs 1-10 to calc pH from [H+] Visit Site
●     Ch 19 - Estimate -log [H+]- 3 examples - calculate pH Visit Site
●     Ch 19 - pH Meter Lab - first page - Bronsted-Lowry Acids & Bases computer ex Visit Site
●     Ch 19 - pH Meter Lab - 2nd page - Bronsted-Lowry Acids & Bases computer ex Visit Site
●     Ch 19 - Neutralization end-pt - a little does a lot when close to pH 7 Visit Site
●     Ch 19 - NH3 prefers to be in the gas phase Visit Site
●     Ch 19 - Acid + Base gives salt and water - we boiled away the water Visit Site
●   Bronsted-Lowry Theors of acids and bases explained. You will also see how conjugates are named Visit Site
●   This is a complete revision of an older video on Bronsted-Lowry acids & bases. Very complete! Visit Site
●   Add, subtract, multiply & divide powers of 10. This skill is essential for working with pH calculations. Visit Site
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